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Balm = Melissa officinalis (BALM) -- i 58, 235, 328, I 62, 180, 280, III 466

BALM (HORSE) = Collinsonia canadensis

Balm-of-Gilead = Populus gileadensis (BALM-OF-GILEAD) -- II 360, III 127, 436, 470, IV 8, 24, 33, 128, V 126, 138, 160, VI 113, 227, 251, 255, 259, 265, 275, 299, VII 328, 333, 386, IX 348, 414, X 79, 245, XI 210, 234, 243, XII 388

BANEBERRY = Actaea spp.

Banyan = Ficus benghalensis (BANYAN) -- i 18, 178, 409, I 17

Baobab (tree-like) = Adansonia digitata (BAOBAB) -- III 167

Baptisia tinctoria (WILD INDIGO) -- see Indigo, Indigo-weed

Barbarea = Barbarea vulgaris (COMMON WINTER CRESS) -- VI 293

Barbarea sativa = 34 -- VIII 382

Barbarea vulgaris (COMMON WINTER CRESS) -- V 159, VIII 382

Barberry = Berberis vulgaris (EUROPEAN BARBERRY)35 -- II 121, 501, III 13, 15, 452, IV 72, 75, 308, 332, 350, 352, 355, 367, 397, 431, 441, V 83, 126, 160, 174, 240, 390, 434, 435, 450, 506, VI 128, 233, 290, 298, 455, VII 59, 99, 330, 395, 460, VIII 132, 135, 166, IX 81, 85, 86, 92, 206, X 32, 64, 66, 111, 112, 158, 448, 494, 510, XI 76, 232, 260, 266, 301, XII 18, 309, 348, 350, 352, 381, 382, XIII 292, 406, XIV 262

Barley (French) = Hordeum vulgare (BARLEY) -- II 354

Barnyard Grass = Echinocloa crus-galli (BARNYARD GRASS)36 -- XII 293, 294

Bartonia = Bartonia virginica (YELLOW BARTONIA) -- V 348, VI 414

Bartonia tenella = Bartonia virginica (YELLOW BARTONIA) -- IV 292, VIII 435, XII 262

Bartonia virginica (YELLOW BARTONIA) -- see Bartonia, Bartonia tenella

Bartsia pallida = Castilleja septentrionalis (PALE PAINTED CUP) -- XI 24

Basil = Satureja vulgaris (BASIL) -- IX 71

Basil (Wild) = Pycnanthemum incanum (HOARY MOUNTAIN MINT) -- V 322, 324

Bass = Tilia americana (AMERICAN BASSWOOD) -- III 43, 129, IV 59, 96, 195, 201, 217, 228, 396, V 111, 151, 160, 289, 311, 436, VI 262, 268, 300, 384, 415, 416, VII 66, 84, 362, 366, 369, 487, VIII 301, 353, 411, 416, IX 60, 124, 400, 475, X 48, 105, 338, XI 196, XII 108, 267, XIII 331, 351, XIV 269

Basswood = Tilia americana (AMERICAN BASSWOOD) -- II 434, 478, III 57, 474

Bayberry = Myrica pensylvanica (NORTHERN BAYBERRY) -- IV 69, VI 487, 489, VII 43, 334, 377, 383, 399, 438, IX 136, 320, 321, 415, 452, XI 301, XII 180, 382, 383, XIII 158, 319, 320, 326, XIV 91

Beach-grass = Ammophila breviligulata (BEACH-GRASS) -- VII 439, 442, XI 177, 179

BEACH PEA = Lathyrus japonicus

BEAK-RUSH = Rhynchospora spp.

Bean (Bush) = Phaseolus vulgaris var. humilis (BUSH BEAN) -- II 227

Bean (Castor plant) = Ricinus communis (CASTOR-OIL PLANT) -- XII 290

Bean Vine (Three-lobed) = Strophostyles helvola (TRAILING WILD BEAN) -- XI 173

Bear-berry = Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (COMMON BEARBERRY) -- II 224, IV 54, VI 262, 299, VIII 293, 324, 325, 328, IX 435, 450, 452, XI 17, 238, 343, XII 334, XIII 279

BEARDGRASS = Andropogon spp.

Beard Grass (Chestnut) = Sorghastrum nutans (WOOD GRASS) -- XI 147

Beard Grass (Forked) = Andropogon gerardi (FORKED BEARDGRASS) -- XI 124

BEDSTRAW = Galium spp.

BEE-BALM = Monarda didyma

Beech = Fagus grandifolia (AMERICAN BEECH) -- II 142, 197, III 94, 336, 404, IV 345, V 160, 173, VI 300, VII 64, 267, 355, 368, VIII 294, 336, 337, 392, 396, IX 69, 371, X 39, XI 15, 59, 244, 249, 250, 293, XII 361, 368, XIV 89, 160, 247, 256, 263

Beech (Swamp) = Carpinus caroliniana (AMERICAN HORNBEAM) -- II 201

Beechdrops = Monotropa hypopithys (FALSE BEECHDROPS) -- V 196

Beechdrops = Epifagus virginiana (BEECHDROPS) -- II 205, VIII 396, IX 69

Beechdrops (False) = Monotropa hypopithys (FALSE BEECHDROPS) -- V 343

Beggar's-lice = Hackelia virginiana (VIRGINIA STICKSEED) -- V 333

Beggar-ticks = Bidens spp. (BUR-MARIGOLD) -- III 4, 65, IV 376, V 392, 448, IX 82, 93, 143, XI 233, XII 341

Bell-flower (Clasping) = Specularia perfoliata (VENUS'S LOOKING-GLASS) -- II 274, IV 143

Bellflower (Slender) = Campanula aparinoides (MARSH BELLFLOWER) -- II 389, IV 187, 232, 246, V 357

Bellflower (Slender Climbing) = Campanula aparinoides (MARSH BELLFLOWER) -- VII 452

Bellwort (Large-flowered) = Uvularia grandiflora (LARGE-FLOWERED BELLWORT) 37 -- IX 491

Bellwort (Perfoliate) = Uvularia perfoliata (PERFOLIATE BELLWORT) -- II 224, X 120

Bellwort (Sessile-leaved) = Uvularia sessilifolia (WILD OATS, SESSILE-LEAVED BELLWORT) -- IV 56, VII 18

Bent Grass = Agrostis spp. (BENT GRASS)(38) -- IV 115, 131, 151, 237, V 124, VI 292

Bent Grass (Purplish) = Agrostis spp. (BENT GRASS)38 -- VI 285

Bent (White) = Agrostis tenuis (RHODE ISLAND BENT GRASS) -- XI 146

Benzoin = Lindera benzoin (SPICEBUSH) -- V 116, VI 232, X 379, XII 133, XIII 246

Benzoin odoriferum = Lindera benzoin (SPICEBUSH) -- IV 49

Berberis vulgaris (EUROPEAN BARBERRY) -- see Barberry

Bergamot = Monarda fistulosa (WILD BERGAMOT) -- IX 5

Bergamot (Wild) = Monarda fistulosa (WILD BERGAMOT) -- IX 4

Beta = Beta spp. (BEET) -- III 346

Bethlehem-star (Yellow) = Hypoxis hirsuta (YELLOW STARGRASS) -- II 266, 370, IV 74, 110, V 179, 235, 398, VI 305, VII 36, 407, VIII 437, IX 8, X 481, XIII 324

BETONY (WOOD) = Pedicularis canadensis

Betula alba (EUROPEAN WHITE BIRCH) -- see Betula alba (old usage), Birch (European White)

Betula alba (old usage) = Betula populifolia (GRAY BIRCH)39 -- IX 414, X 259, XIV 239

Betula excelsa = Betula lutea (YELLOW BIRCH) -- IV 50

Betula lenta (BLACK BIRCH) -- IV 50

Betula lutea (YELLOW BIRCH) -- see Betula excelsa, Birch (Silver), Birch (Yellow)

Betula nigra (RIVER BIRCH) -- see Birch (Red)

Betula papyracea = Betula papyrifera (PAPER BIRCH, CANOE BIRCH) -- II 195, IV 50, V 129, 138, IX 340, 414

Betula papyrifera (PAPER BIRCH, CANOE BIRCH) -- see Betula papyracea, Birch (Canoe), Birch (Paper)

Betula pendula (EUROPEAN WEEPING BIRCH) -- see Betula alba (old usage), Birch (Canoe), Birch (Paper)

Betula populifolia (GRAY BIRCH) -- II 196, IV 50, IX 334, 340, 414

Bidens = Bidens spp. (BUR-MARIGOLD)40 -- III 65, IV 108, 342, 376, 378, V 403, 448, IX 93, XI 233, XII 305, 320, XIII 89

Bidens beckii = Megalodonta beckii (WATER-MARIGOLD) -- IV 326, 362, V 344, 367, 382, VI 415, 421, 432, 488, VII 5, 40, VIII 416, 441, 457, IX 84, 128, XI 121, XII 267, 272, 280, 320

Bidens cernua (NODDING BUR-MARIGOLD) -- II 493, 500, IV 306, 334, 342, 349, 356, 381, V 405, VII 26, IX 50, 84, 107, XI 153, XII 320

Bidens chrysanthemoides = Bidens laevis (LARGER BUR-MARIGOLD) -- II 440, IV 322, 330, V 367, 398, VI 476, VII 26, IX 31, 84, X 27, XI 159, XII 304, 305, 320, 323

Bidens comosa (LEAFY-BRACTED BUR-MARIGOLD)-- see Bidens connata

Bidens connata (SWAMP BEGGAR-TICKS)41 -- IV 306, 338, 411, 415, V 385, IX 31, 35, XII 320

Bidens frondosa (STICK-TIGHT)42 -- IV 307, V 376, VI 489, IX 29, XII 304, 305, 320, 340

Bidens (Great) = Bidens laevis (LARGER BUR-MARIGOLD) -- III 4, 17, 44, IV 350, V 395, VII 40, XIV 74

Bidens laevis (LARGER BUR-MARIGOLD) -- see Bidens chrysanthemoides, Bidens (Great), Bidens (Large-flowered)

Bidens (Large-flowered) = Bidens laevis (LARGER BUR-MARIGOLD) -- II 440, III 4

Bidens vulgata (TALL BEGGAR-TICKS) -- see Bidens frondosa

Bilberry = Vaccinium spp. (BLUEBERRY)43 -- II 59, V 364, XI 17

Bilberry (Black) = Vaccinium atrococcum (BLACK HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY) -- II 59

Bilberry (Blue) = Vaccinium corymbosum (COMMON HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY) -- II 59

BILBERRY (ALPINE) = Vaccinium uliginosum

BILBERRY (DWARF) = Vaccinium cespitosum

Bindweed = Convolvulus sepium (HEDGE BINDWEED) -- II 318, IV 142

Bindweed (Black) = Polygonum convolvulus (BLACK BINDWEED) -- IV 172

Bindweed (Large) = Convolvulus sepium (HEDGE BINDWEED) -- II 274

Bindweed (Small) = Convolvulus arvensis (FIELD BINDWEED) -- II 366

Birch = Betula spp. (BIRCH) -- i 5, 128, 150, 198, 296, 311, 393, 407, 445, I 4, 140, 160, 161, 243, 244, 261, 351, II 85, 87, 98, 99, 103, 114, 220, 267, 305, 382, 396, 422, 454, 500, III 4, 33, 35, 43, 64, 75, 80, 397, 400, 403, 450, IV 43, 45, 50, 61, 62, 64, 67, 132, 136, 151, 154, 172, 211, 236,251, 296, 337, 358, 364, 367, 368, 385, 395, 405, 418, 419, 424,431, 432, 438, 440, 441, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 453, 464, V 108, 138, 149, 152, 154, 159, 168, 174, 239, 249, 298, 384,417, 421, 426, 428, 435, 436, 441, VI 62, 63, 92, 129, 141, 191, 205, 251, 255, 259, 265, 275, 276,280, 289, 311, 331, 349, 432, 437, 444, 454, 477, VII 4, 10, 14, 25, 46, 52, 66, 86, 105, 112, 118, 127, 147, 170,181, 247, 248, 259, 366, 399, 409, 462, 472, 513, VIII 9, 10, 43, 51, 67, 90, 96, 163, 181, 198, 200, 265, 271, 274,278, 301, 304, 309, 311, 319, 329, 335, 350, 363, IX 8, 19, 48, 51, 95, 111, 139, 140, 169, 181, 183, 240, 334, 344,366, 367, 471, 492, X 23, 40, 41, 56, 68, 79, 80, 81, 102, 105, 128, 158, 167, 181,194, 200, 320, 339, 351, 414, 439, 477, 489, XI 8, 9, 10, 45, 138, 152, 198, 206, 236, 237, 242, 243, 249, 260,262, 271, 276, 280, 288, 299, 330, 334, 347, 365, 400, 401, 406, XII 17, 18, 76, 77, 110, 168, 200, 290, 362, 391, 399, 453, 454, XIII 9, 14, 20, 82, 104, 105, 158, 292, 300, 306, 315, 319, 325,336, 341, 364, 372, 417, 418, 426, XIV 58, 61, 121, 135, 141, 150, 160, 161, 162, 164, 175, 176,177, 179, 192, 215, 223, 225, 249, 263, 268, 272, 273, 291,323,

Birch (Black) = Betula lenta (BLACK BIRCH) -- I 424, II 12, 39, 200, III 12, 45, 373, 405, 436, IV 19, 303, 345, 447, 448, (450), V 129, (138), 147, 148, 160, 263, 457, VI 111, 257, 261, (299), 379, 455, VII 63, 508, VIII 190, 271, 273, 356, 429, IX 178, 369, 470, 473, X 94, 158, 192, 193, XI 194, 225, 229, 247, 299, XII 18, 362, XIII 82, XIV 61, 189, 243, 244, 247

Birch (Canoe) = Betula papyrifera (PAPER BIRCH, CANOE BIRCH) -- II 195, 196, 200, 407, III 18, 64, 88, 89, 109, 375, IV 122, 344, 447, VI 252, 255, 299, VII 370, VIII 273, 278, IX 366, 369, 490, X 257, 433, 450, 463, 464, XI 10, 14, 15, 18, 30, 37, 59, 60, 61, XII 388, 399, 403, XIII 83, XIV 26, 28, 270

Birch (Common) = Betula populifolia (GRAY BIRCH) -- III 88

Birch (Common White) = Betula populifolia (GRAY BIRCH) -- II 196

Birch (European White) = Betula alba (EUROPEAN WHITE BIRCH)/Betula pendula (EUROPEAN WEEPING BIRCH)2 -- II (196)

BIRCH (GRAY) = Betula populifolia

Birch (Paper) = Betula papyrifera (PAPER BIRCH) -- V 129, 138, 148, (154), 156, 160, VIII 109, XI 300

Birch (Red) = Betula nigra (RIVER BIRCH)44 -- IX 414

Birch (Silver) = Betula lutea (YELLOW BIRCH) -- i 456

Birch (Small White Birch) = 45 -- V 432, XI 10, 14

Birch (Sweet) = Betula lenta (BLACK BIRCH) -- III 373

Birch (White) = Betula papyrifera (PAPER BIRCH) -- XI 37

Birch (White) = Betula populifolia (GRAY BIRCH) -- III 36, IV 26, 47, 427, 443, 448, V 126, 129, 138, 147, 148, 151, (154), 160, 447, VI 51, 118, 252, 255, 256, 259, (280), 289, 299, 454, VII 63, 64, 86, 194, 295, 353, 377, 412, VIII 13, 249, 258, 263, 264, 265, 274, 311, 313, (319), 324, 356, 363, IX 139, 153, 329, 335, 459, X 48, 67, 148, 196, 222, (257), 464, XI 100, 200, 210, 215, 233, 251, 260, 276, 301, 308, 312, 449, XII 160, 168, 258, 365, 386, (399), 456, XIII 20, 293, 299, 333, 347, XIV 122, 125, 128, 134, 239, 252, 279, 280, 340

Birch (Yellow) = Betula lutea (YELLOW BIRCH) -- II 200, 234, III 373, 452, IV 121, 303, 345, 399, 448, 449, 450, V 129, (138), 148, 160, 457, 478, VI 255, 299, 477, VII 64, VIII 225, 264, 272, 278, IX 369, 370, X 22, 23, 32, 65, 111, 463, 464, 494, 510, XI 14, 15, 37, 59, 198, XII 181, 385, 386, XIV 26, 247

BISHOP'S CAP = Mitella diphylla

Bitternut = Carya cordiformis (BITTERNUT HICKORY)72 -- IV 361

Bittersweet = Solanum dulcamara (BITTER NIGHTSHADE) -- IV 89, 257

BITTERSWEET (CLIMBING) = Celastrus scandens

Blackberry = Rubus spp. (BLACKBERRY, BRAMBLE, DEWBERRY) -- i 158, I 170, 425, II 59, 61, 269, 302, 318, 410, 427, IV 76, 79, 117, 120, 122, 127, 170, V 155, 169, 225, 322, 323, 324, 330, 398, 436, VI 403, VII 479, 503, VIII 356, 375, 377, 419, 421, 436, 442, 444, 445, 460, 467, IX 8, 10, 16, 31, X 14, 19, 21, 56, 488, XI 96, 119, 139, 173, 176, 239, XII 322, 383, XIII 260, XIV 9, 122, 262

Blackberry (High) = Rubus allegheniensis (ALLEGHENY BLACKBERRY)/Rubus pensilvanicus (PENNSYLVANIA BLACKBERRY)2 -- IV 88, 257, 268, 308, 310, 316, 343, V 117, 200, 240, 342, 366, 377, VI 243, 255, 299, 310, 410, 435, VII 359, X 19, XI 139, 232, 289, 301, XII 162, 278, 380

Blackberry (Low)24 = Rubus spp. (DEWBERRY) -- IV 210, 270, 279, V 181, VI 235, 259, 298, 310, 388, 412, 414, 416, 435, VII 321, 330, 407, VIII 415, 423, VIII 445, XII 193, 257, 297, XIV 65

Blackberry (Red) = Rubus pubescens (DWARF RASPBERRY) -- V 309

Blackberry (Running Swamp) = Rubus hispidus (SWAMP DEWBERRY) -- IV 196

Blackberry (Sempervirens) = Rubus hispidus (SWAMP DEWBERRY) -- XII 291

Blackberry (Swamp) = Rubus hispidus (SWAMP DEWBERRY) -- IV 297, V 225, 273, 337, VI 419, 438

BLACK-EYED SUSAN = Rudbeckia serotina

Black Grass = Juncus gerardi (BLACK GRASS) -- VII 438, VIII 386

BLADDERNUT = Staphylea trifolia

Bladderwort = Utricularia vulgaris (COMMON BLADDERWORT) -- II 270, 482

Bladderwort (Common) = Utricularia vulgaris (COMMON BLADDERWORT) -- IV 91, V (315)

Bladderwort (Purple) = Utricularia purpurea (PURPLE BLADDERWORT) -- V 315

Bladderwort (Whorled) = Utricularia inflata (INFLATED BLADDERWORT) -- II 435, IV 330, V 315

BLITE (SEA) = Suaeda spp.

Bloodroot = Sanguinaria canadensis (BLOODROOT) -- XIII 256, XIV 337

Blueberry = Vaccinium spp. (BLUEBERRY) -- i 466, II 112, 282, 286, 421, 424, IV 68, 83, 121, 124, 130, 152, 158, 176, 177, 193, 196, 204, 224, 227, 279, 281, 346, 347, 353, 366, 419, 475, V 224, 282, 288, 294, 302, 303, 322, 342, VI 325, 378, 395, 416, 428, 489, VII 95, 419, 443, 511, VIII 42, 99, 100, 152, 445, IX 10, 31, 57, 452, 467, 482, X 67, 154, 182, 196, 197, 199, 258, 282, 283, 333, 421, 477, 481, XI 97, 146, 160, 212, 215, XII 208, 291, XIII 148, 359, 387, 418, 426, 427, XIV 12, 13, 14, 31, 32, 37, 48, 100, 103, 105, 309

Blueberry (Black) = Vaccinium atrococcum (BLACK HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY) -- IV 186

Blueberry (Black High) = Vaccinium atrococcum (BLACK HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY) -- VI 390

Blueberry (Canada) = Vaccinium myrtilloides (VELVETLEAF BLUEBERRY) -- IX 500, XIV 297

Blueberry (Early) = Vaccinium angustifolium (EARLY LOW BLUEBERRY) -- IV 41, 115, 163, V 303, VI 255, 351, 376, VII 369

Blueberry (Early Dwarf) = Vaccinium angustifolium (EARLY LOW BLUEBERRY) -- XIV 298

Blueberry (Early Low) = Vaccinium angustifolium (EARLY LOW BLUEBERRY) -- VIII 401, XIV 300

Blueberry (High) = Vaccinium corymbosum (COMMON HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY)/Vaccinium atrococcum (BLACK HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY)47 -- II 53, IV 57, 66, 270, 281, 322, 367, V 5, 119, 144, 163, 302, 311, 331, 368, 382, 449, 482, VI 127, 218, 258, 264, 282, 287, 297, 300, 316, 381, 405, 412, 466, VII 84, 138, 358, 378, 410, 412, 419, 424, VIII 10, 41, 116, 340, IX 371, X 13, 192, 196, 197, XI 97, 241, 245, 258, 309, 320, 380, XIII 148, 426, XIV 62, 128, 266, 297, 299, 300

Blueberry (Low) = Vaccinium vacillans (LATE LOW BLUEBERRY) -- XIV 297, 299

Blueberry (Low)48 = Vaccinium spp. (BLUEBERRY) -- V 294, VI 333, VII 107, XIV 13, 25, 28, 31, 44

Blueberry (Low Early) = Vaccinium angustifolium (EARLY LOW BLUEBERRY) -- IV 5, 48

Blueberry (Pennsylvania) = Vaccinium angustifolium (EARLY LOW BLUEBERRY) -- XIV 297

Blueberry (Small) = Vaccinium vacillans (LATE LOW BLUEBERRY) -- VI 151

Blueberry (Small Glaucous) = Vaccinium vacillans (LATE LOW BLUEBERRY) -- IV 209

Blueberry (Swamp) = Vaccinium corymbosum (COMMON HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY)/Vaccinium atrococcum (BLACK HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY)47 -- XIV 299

Blue-curls = Trichostema dichotoma (BLUE CURLS) -- II 473, III 58, 138, 379, IV 240, 250, 266, 349, 429, V 333, 358, 369, VI 63, 384, 414, VII 247, 452, VIII 62, 466, IX 141, 155, X 303

Blue-eyed Grass = Sisyrinchium spp. (BLUE-EYED GRASS) -- II 264, 269, 286, 425, 493, IV 75, 92, 99, 123, 173, 199, 257, 273, V 194, 199, 226, 267, 281, VI 318, 489, VII 408, VIII 358, XII 193, 203, 217, 291, 343, XIII 374, XIV 54

BLUEGRASS (KENTUCKY) = Poa pratensis

Blue-joint = Calamagrostis canadensis (BLUE-JOINT) -- II 167, X 495, XI 150, 294, 311, XII 205, XIII 24, 401, XIV 27

Blue-joint Grass = Calamagrostis canadensis (BLUE-JOINT) -- XI 135

Bluet = Vaccinium angustifolium (EARLY LOW BLUEBERRY) -- XIV 298, 300

Bluets = Houstonia caerulea (BLUETS) -- IV 28, 40, 53, 68, 69, 71, 265, V 434, VI 284, 447, VII 333, 382, 390, VIII 319, IX 25, 34, 340, X 379, XI 25, 47, XII 132, 133, 163, 176, XIII 255, 277, 283

Blue-tangle = Gaylussacia frondosa (DANGLEBERRY) -- IV 299

Boehmeria = Boehmeria cylindrica (FALSE NETTLE) -- V 324, 366, VI 408, 409, XI 196

Boehmeria cylindrica (FALSE NETTLE) -- IV 243

Boneset = Eupatorium perfoliatum (BONESET) -- IX 209

BOG-ROSEMARY = Andromeda glaucophylla

Botryapium -- see Amelanchier botryapium

Botrychium = Botrychium dissectum (CUT-LEAF GRAPE-FERN) -- IX 107

Botrychium (swamp) = Botrychium virginianum (RATTLESNAKE FERN) -- X 23

Botrychium dissectum (CUT-LEAF GRAPE FERN) -- see Botrychium lunaria, Botrychium lunarioides, Botrychium (Small)

Botrychium lunaria = Botrychium dissectum (CUT-LEAF GRAPE FERN) -- XII 387

Botrychium lunarioides = Botrychium dissectum (CUT-LEAF GRAPE FERN)50 -- IX 124, XII 302

Botrychium (Small) = Botrychium dissectum (CUT-LEAF GRAPE FERN) -- IX 107, X 18, 134, 276, XI 133, 206, 329, 358, XII 108, 140, XIV 92

Botrychium virginianum (RATTLESNAKE FERN) -- IX 475, XII 360, XIII 400

Bottle-brush Grass = Hystrix patula (BOTTLE-BRUSH GRASS) -- XI 154

Bottle Grass = Setaria spp. (BRISTLY FOXTAIL) -- XI 124, XII 293

Bottle Grass (Green) = Setaria viridis (GREEN FOXTAIL) -- XI 124

Bouncing Bet = Saponaria officinalis (BOUNCING BET) -- V 338

Brachyelytrum erectum (SHORT-HUSK) -- see Brachyelytrum Grass

Brachyelytrum Grass = Brachyelytrum erectum (SHORT-HUSK) -- XIII 382

BRACKEN = Pteridium aquilinum

Brake = Pteridium aquilinum (BRACKEN) -- i 67, I 73, 450, II 256, 305, IV 72, 104, VI 23, 257, 324, 432, 437, 447, IX 97, X 43, 101, 149, 154, 415, XI 119, 138, 200, 207, XII 113, 182, 201, 290, 291, 304, 345, 351, 359, XIII 104, 281, 319, 326, 337, XIV 191

Brake (Common) = Pteridium aquilinum (BRACKEN) -- V 405

Bramble = Rubus spp. (BLACKBERRY, DEWBERRY)

Brasenia peltata = Brasenia schreberi (WATER SHIELD) -- IV 168, 238

Brasenia schreberi (WATER SHIELD) -- see Brasenia peltata, Hydropeltis, Target, Target-weed, Water-shield, Water-target

Brassica = Brassica spp. (MUSTARD) -- XIV 55

Brassica campestris = Brassica rapa (FIELD MUSTARD) -- XIII 381, XIV 55, 75

Brassica napus (TURNIP) -- XIV 55, 75, 158

Brassica nigra (BLACK MUSTARD) -- see Mustard

Brassica rapa (FIELD MUSTARD) -- see Brassica campestris

Briar = Smilax rotundifolia (COMMON GREENBRIER) -- VI 281

Bromus secalinus (CHESS) -- XIII 377, 381

BROOKLIME (AMERICAN) = Veronica americana

Broom = Genista tinctoria (DYER'S GREENWEED) - X 510, XI 76, 299, 301, 309, XIV 91

Broom-corn = Sorgum vulgare (SORGHUM) -- IX 62

Broom Grass = Andropogon scoparius (BROOM GRASS) -- XI 125

Broom-rape = Orobanche uniflora (ONE-FLOWERED CANCER-ROOT) -- IV 258, VI 305, 308

Broom-rape (One-flowered, Single-flowered) = Orobanche uniflora (ONE-FLOWERED CANCER-ROOT) -- IV 97, 102, 128

Buck-bean = Menyanthes trifoliata (BUCKBEAN) -- IV 69, 83, 96, V 143, 163, 316, VI 297, VII 370, 379, 384, VIII 350, 352, 358, IX 44, XII 259

Buckeye = Aesculus spp. (BUCKEYE) -- i 119, 353, I 130, 306

Buckthorn = Rhamnus cathartica (COMMON BUCKTHORN)51 -- II 350, VI 221, VII 63, XI 294, 301

Buckthorn (Common) = Rhamnus cathartica (COMMON BUCKTHORN) -- VIII 378

Buckwheat = Fagopyrum sagittatum (BUCKWHEAT) -- III 298, VI 384

BUGLEWEED = Lycopus spp.

Bulbostylis capillaris (HAIR-LIKE BULBOSTYLIS) -- see Fimbristylis capillaris, Scirpus capillaris

Bulrush = Cyperus papyrus (PAPYRUS) -- i 51, I 55

Bulrush = Scirpus spp. (BULRUSH)52 -- i 125, 454, I 136, II 167, III 51, 73, 76, 139, IV 237, 327, 386, 391, V 382, VI 399, 421, 488, VII 81, 458, XII 231, 243, 270, 281, XIII 343

Bulrush (Tall) = Scirpus validus (GREAT BULRUSH) -- III 51, IV 389

Bunchberry = Cornus canadensis (BUNCHBERRY) IV 97, 340, 346, 347, 362, VI 256, 414, XI 205, XII 380, 382, XIV 12, 25, 28, 31, 32

Bunias edentula = Cakile edentula (SEA ROCKET) -- II 349

Bur = 53 -- i 253, I 200, 417

BUR CUCUMBER (ONE-SEEDED) = Sicyos angulatus

Burdock = Arctium spp. (BURDOCK) -- i 131, 416, I 144, II 42, IV 232, 382, V 333, VI 410, VIII 438, IX 205

Burdock (Sea) = Xanthium echinatum (BEACH CLOTBUR) -- VII 434

Bur-marigold = Bidens spp. (BUR-MARIGOLD) -- III 4

Bur-reed = Sparganium spp. (BUR-REED) -- IV 163, X 376, XI 117, 154, XII 240, 269, 356, XIII 405, 412, XIV 7

Bur-reed (Large)55 = Sparganium spp. (BUR-REED)

Bur-reed (Smaller) = Sparganium americanum (LESSER BUR-REED)/Sparganium chlorocarpum (GREEN-FRUITED BUR-REED)54 -- VIII 429

Burr-marigold (Nodding) = Bidens cernua (NODDING BUR-MARIGOLD) -- II 493, 500

Bur-weed = 56 -- X 60

BUSH-CLOVER = Lespedeza spp.

BUSH-HONEYSUCKLE = Diervilla lonicera

Butter-and-eggs = Linaria vulgaris (BUTTER-AND-EGGS) -- II 61, 72, 270, 303, III 6, 68, IV 79, 142, 258, 381, 405, 409, V 221, 291, 455, VI 364

Buttercup = Ranunculus spp. (BUTTERCUP, CROWFOOT) -- i 31, 85, I 31, 94, II 21, 31, 109, 218, 278, III 65, 360, IV 55, 66, 73, 78, 91, 115, 131, 189, 485, V 56, 154, 157, 158, 172, 184, 193, 220, 229, 236, 310, 380, 399, VI 117, 236, 303, 382, VII 293, 295, 328, VIII 60, IX 283, 392, 427, XI 299, XII 162, XIII 159, 184, 328,

Buttercup (Bulbous) = Ranunculus bulbosus (BULBOUS BUTTERCUP) -- V 229

Buttercup (Late) = Ranunculus repens (CREEPING BUTTERCUP) -- III 6, 45

Buttercup (Tall) = Ranunculus acris (TALL BUTTERCUP) -- II 269, 309, IV 129, 391, 406, 412, 415, V 159, (229), 357, VI 288, 316, XI 40, XIII 291

Buttercup (White) = Ranunculus spp. (BUTTERCUP)57 -- IV 163

BUTTERFLY-WEED = Asclepias tuberosa

Butternut = Juglans cinerea (BUTTERNUT) -- III 44, IV 382, V 160, 175, VI 258, 266, 280, 300, VII 37, 370, IX 410, X 98, XI 51, 199, 242, XII 190, 335, XIV 97, 100, 147

Butter-weed = Erigeron canadensis (HORSEWEED) -- V 316, IX 241, XII 293, XIII 408

Button-balls = Cephalanthus occidentalis (BUTTONBUSH) -- V 463

Button-balls = Platanus spp. (PLANE-TREE, SYCAMORE) -- XIV 335

Button-bush = Cephalanthus occidentalis (BUTTONBUSH) -- II 166, 222, 310, 340, 411, 440, III 16, 28, 29, 33, 52, 54, 74, 76, 88, 332, 391, 397, 411, IV 169, 171, 184, 228, 234, 238, 239, 298, 301, 327, 331, 389, V 132, 149, 152, 153, 154, 160, 162, 172, 175, 257, 259, 260, 261, 301, 314, 316, 318, 323, 367, 388, 402, 436, 442, 463, 464, 479, 492, 493, VI 86, 87, 120, 131, 132, 195, 233, 239, 268, 279, 281, 284, 287, 288, 301, 302, 319, 327, 392, 421, 440, 448, 477, VII 5, 6, 11, 31, 40, 47, 52, 53, 54, 62, 138, 139, 284, 286, 302, 327, 382, 387, 388, 389, 393, 418, 456, 458, 485, 490, 501, 519, VIII 4, 20, 25, 55, 69, 86, 120, 124, 161, 400, 420, 462, IX 20, 127, 162, 166, 218, 304, 314, 474, X 55, 59, 60, 67, 117, 196, 256, 322, 339, 349, XI 64, 69, 71, 72, 74, 98, 114, 117, 153, 157, 163, 164, 182, 186, 202, 203, 206, 213, 376, 382, 407, 408, XII 132, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 209, 227, 228, 229, 233, 243, 267, 275, 276, 336, 339, 368, 377, 383, 388, 394, 395, XIII 22, 24, 48, 123, 137, 258, 261, 264, 267, 284, 291, 308, 319, 320, 336, 354, 415, XIV 4, 7, 53, 55, 73, 74, 89, 91

Buttonwood = Platanus occidentalis (AMERICAN SYCAMORE)58 -- II 10, 301, III 34, 36, 452, V 451, VI 265, 301, 419, VII 19, 29, 51, 379, 383, 450, 513, 515, VIII 125, 354, 427, IX 66, 287, 398, X 23, 67, 98, 447, XI 200, 221, 249, 263, XII 290, XIII 313, 319, 336, 351, XIV 320



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http://www.ray-a.com/ThoreauBotIdx/BI-B.htm -- Revised: April 25, 2008

Created by: Ray Angelo
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