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Cabbage -- see Skunk-cabbage

Cacalia suaveolens (SWEET-SCENTED INDIAN PLANTAIN) -- VII 515

Cakile americana = Cakile edentula (SEA ROCKET) -- VII 433

Cakile edentula (SEA ROCKET) -- see Bunias edentula, Cakile americana, Sea-rocket

Calamagrostis canadensis (BLUE-JOINT) -- X 495

Calamagrostis cinnoides (NUTTALL'S REED-GRASS) -- see Calamagrostis coarctata

Calamagrostis coarctata = Calamagrostis cinnoides (NUTTALL'S REED-GRASS) -- XII 292, XIV 54, 64

Calamint = Pycnanthemum spp. (MOUNTAIN MINT)59 -- II 283, 401, 461, V 322, VI 395, XIII 69

Calamint (Soft-leaved) = Pycnanthemum incanum (HOARY MOUNTAIN MINT) -- V 128

CALAMUS = Acorus calamus

Calla = Calla palustris (WILD CALLA) -- VI 351, IX 371, 411, X 18, 66, 153, 447, 501

Calla = Peltandra virginica (ARROW ARUM) -- IV 170, 235

Calla palustris (WILD CALLA) -- VIII 382, IX 409, 458, 466, XII 196

Calla virginica = Peltandra virginica (ARROW ARUM) -- VIII 118

Callitriche = Callitriche spp. (WATER-STARWORT)60 -- VI 191, 205, 211, 225, VII 293, VIII 242, IX 104, XI 160, 192, XII 7, XIII 202

Callitriche verna = Callitriche spp. (WATER-STARWORT)60 -- V 78, 119, 530, XII 133

Calluna vulgaris (HEATHER) -- see Ling

Calopogon = Calopogon pulchellus (GRASS PINK) -- IV 189, 217, 273, V 288, 295, 299, VI 375

Calopogon pulchellus (GRASS PINK) -- IV 138, 200

Caltha = Caltha palustris (MARSH MARIGOLD, COWSLIP) -- V 15, IX 330, XII 13, 132, XIII 218

Caltha palustris (MARSH MARIGOLD, COWSLIP) -- II 216, III 475, X 359

Calystegia spithamaea = Convolvulus spithamaeus (UPRIGHT BINDWEED) -- XI 6

Campanula americana (TALL BELLFLOWER) -- V 324

Campanula aparinoides (BEDSTRAW BELLFLOWER) -- IV 187, V 311, VI 386, VIII 401

Campanula crinoides61 = Campanula aparinoides (BEDSTRAW BELLFLOWER) -- II 389

Campanula perfoliata = Specularia perfoliata (VENUS'S LOOKING-GLASS) -- II 274

Campanula rotundifolia (HAREBELL) -- IX 79

Camphor = Cinnamomum camphora (CAMPHOR LAUREL) -- II 73

Campion (Bladder) = Silene cucubalus (BLADDER CAMPION) -- II 294

Campion (Moss) = Silene acaulis (MOSS CAMPION) -- XI 19

Canary Grass = Phalaris arundinacea (REED CANARY-GRASS) -- V 257, XII 205, 226, 269, 284, XIII 287, 291, 402, 404, 412

Cancer-root (One-flowered) = Orobanche uniflora (ONE-FLOWERED CANCER-ROOT) -- IV 97, 102

Candytuft = Iberis amara (CANDYTUFT) -- VIII 409

Cannabis = Cannabis sativa (HEMP) -- IX 80

Cannabis sativa (HEMP) -- II 390, IV 295, VI 420

Capsella bursa-pastoris (SHEPHERD'S-PURSE) -- III 475

Caraway = Carum carvi (CARAWAY) -- VI 325, VII 404, VIII 362

Cardamine bulbosa (SPRING CRESS) -- see Arabis rhomboidea, Cardamine rhomboidea

Cardamine hirsuta = Cardamine pensylvanica (PENNSYLVANIA BITTER CRESS) -- IV 308, V 165, XII 126

Cardamine parviflora (SMALL-FLOWERED BITTER CRESS) -- see Cardamine virginica

Cardamine pensylvanica (PENNSYLVANIA BITTER CRESS) -- IV 56

Cardamine rhomboidea = Cardamine bulbosa (SPRING CRESS) -- XII 86, 199, XIII 292

Cardamine virginica = Cardamine parviflora (SMALL-FLOWERED BITTER CRESS) -- XII 164

Cardinal = Lobelia cardinalis (CARDINAL FLOWER) -- V 336, 339, 367, 388, 403, VI 429, IX 29

Cardinal-flower = Lobelia cardinalis (CARDINAL FLOWER) -- II 350, 410, 435, 502, IV 209, 250, 261, 285, 291, 305, 311, 327, 356, V 220, 314, 315, 377, VI 422, VII 14, 17, 29, X 25, 30, XI 108, 134, XII 271, 272, XIV 55

Cardoon = Cynara cardunculus (CARDOON) -- II 242

Carex (Carices) = Carex spp. (SEDGE) -- VII 417, VIII 423, IX 263, XII 7, 180, 197, XIII 176, 208, 293, 350, XIV 27

Carex alata (BROAD-WINGED SEDGE) -- see Carex scoparia, Carex straminea

Carex ampullacea var. utriculata = Carex rostrata var. utriculata (BEAKED SEDGE) -- XII 224

Carex angustior -- see Carex stellulata

Carex aquatilis (WATER SEDGE) -- X 409

Carex artitecta -- see Carex varia

Carex bigelowii (BIGELOW'S SEDGE) -- see Carex rigida

Carex brevior (SHORT FESCUE SEDGE) -- see Carex scoparia

Carex bromoides (BROME SEDGE) -- XIII 338

Carex brunnescens (BROWNISH SEDGE) -- see Carex canescens

Carex bullata (BUTTON SEDGE) -- VII 417, XII 205, XIII 341, 369, 402

Carex buxbaumii (BUXBAUM'S SEDGE) -- XII 204, XIII 293

Carex canescens (SILVERY SEDGE)62 -- XII 207, XIII 350

Carex cephalantha (PRICKLY SEDGE) -- see Carex stellulata

Carex cephalophora (SOUTHERN SEDGE) -- VII 418, XIII 349

Carex communis (COLONIAL SEDGE) -- see Carex varia

Carex comosa (BRISTLY SEDGE) -- X 18, XIII 368

Carex conoidea (FIELD SEDGE) -- XIII 327

Carex convoluta (STAR SEDGE) -- see Carex rosea

Carex crinita (AWNED SEDGE) -- VII 409, X 505, XI 7, XII 199, 226, XIII 298, 402

Carex cumulata -- see Carex scoparia, Carex straminea

Carex debilis (STALKED SEDGE) -- X 493, XIII 69, 315, XIV 27

Carex deweyana (DEWEY'S SEDGE) -- XIV 18

Carex disperma (TWO-SEEDED SEDGE) -- see Carex tenella

Carex emmonsii (EMMON'S SEDGE) -- see Carex novae-angliae, Carex varia

Carex exilis (COAST SEDGE) -- VII 388

Carex festucacea -- see Carex straminea

Carex flava (YELLOW SEDGE) -- XIII 69, 358, 363

Carex foenea (HAY SEDGE) -- see Carex siccata

Carex gracillima (SLENDER SEDGE) -- XIII 310

Carex incomperta -- see Carex stellulata

Carex intumescens (BLADDER SEDGE) -- XIII 338

Carex irrigua = Carex paupercula (BOG SEDGE) -- XI 46

Carex lagopodioides = Carex tribuloides (BLUNT BROOM-SEDGE)63 -- XII 208, XIII 340

Carex lanuginosa (WOOLLY SEDGE) -- XII 199, 205, 207, 224, XIII 314, 402

Carex laxiculmis -- see Carex laxiflora

Carex laxiflora (LOOSE-FLOWERED SEDGE)64

Carex leptalea (DELICATE SEDGE) -- see Carex polytrichoides

Carex lupulina (HOP SEDGE) -- VIII 423, X 493, XI 172, XIII 367, 402

Carex lurida (SALLOW SEDGE) -- see Carex tentaculata

Carex marginata = Carex pensylvanica (EARLY SEDGE) -- III 456

Carex monile = Carex vesicaria (INFLATED SEDGE) -- XII 205, XIII 341, 345, 402

Carex muhlenbergii (MUHLENBERG'S SEDGE) -- XII 207, 226, XIII 349

Carex nigra (BLACK SEDGE) -- see Carex vulgaris

Carex novae-angliae (NEW ENGLAND SEDGE)65 -- XI 10

Carex pallescens (PALE SEDGE) -- XII 199, XIII 314, 327

Carex pauciflora (REFLEXED SEDGE) -- XI 46

Carex paupercula (BOG SEDGE) -- see Carex irrigua

Carex pensylvanica (EARLY SEDGE) -- III 475, VII 385, 418, VIII 242, XII 393, XIII 272, 294, 359, 360, 396, 402, XIV 122

Carex polytrichoides = Carex leptalea (DELICATE SEDGE) -- XII 208, XIII 314, 338

Carex retrorsa (HOOKED SEDGE)66 -- VIII 423, XIII 327

Carex rigida = Carex bigelowii (BIGELOW'S SEDGE) -- XI 19

Carex rosea67 -- XIII 310, 340

Carex rostrata (BEAKED SEDGE) -- see Carex ampullacea var. utriculata

Carex scabrata (ROUGH SEDGE) -- XIII 338

Carex scirpoidea (BULRUSH SEDGE) -- XI 47

Carex scoparia (BROOM SEDGE)68 -- VII 406, X 493, 495, XII 204, XIII 340, 345, 367, 382, 399, 402, XIV 27

Carex siccata = Carex foenea (HAY SEDGE) -- XIII 337, 360, 381, 402

Carex stellulata69 -- X 493, 495, XII 204, 224, XIII 310, 345, 369, 402

Carex stipata (AWL-FRUITED SEDGE) -- VII 388, X 493, XII 207, XIII 293

Carex straminea (STRAW SEDGE)70 -- XI 53, XIV 27

Carex stricta (TUSSOCK SEDGE) -- V 156, VII 385, XII 161, 204, 207, 224, XIII 286, 288, 293, 294, 298, 305, 345, 367, XIV 335

Carex tenella = Carex disperma (TWO-SEEDED SEDGE) -- XIII 338

Carex tentaculata = Carex lurida (SALLOW SEDGE) -- XIII 348, 361

Carex tribuloides (BLUNT BROOM SEDGE) -- see Carex lagopodioides

Carex trisperma (THREE-SEEDED SEDGE) -- XI 37, XIV 18, 27

Carex umbellata (SAND SEDGE) -- XIII 244

Carex varia = Carex communis (COLONIAL SEDGE)71 -- XIII 260, 292, 294

Carex vesicaria (INFLATED SEDGE) -- see Carex monile

Carex vestita (VELVET SEDGE) -- XIII 360

Carex vulgaris = Carex nigra (BLACK SEDGE) -- XIII 288, 293, 294, 305

Carices = plural of Carex

Carpet-weed = Mollugo verticillata (CARPETWEED) -- II 423, IV 172, V 287, VI 348

Carpinus = Carpinus caroliniana (AMERICAN HORNBEAM) -- V 138, 139, IX 366, 377, X 217

Carpinus americana = Carpinus caroliniana (AMERICAN HORNBEAM) -- IV 477

Carpinus caroliniana (AMERICAN HORNBEAM) -- see Beech (Swamp), Carpinus, Carpinus americana, Hornbeam

Carrion (berry) = Smilax herbacea (CARRION-FLOWER) -- V 391

Carrion-flower = Smilax herbacea (CARRION-FLOWER) -- IV 96, 111, 149, 150, 258, V 223, 274, 352, 404, 419, VI 301, 328, 361, VII 393, 421, X 496, XII 201, XIII 326

Carrot = Daucus carota (WILD CARROT, QUEEN ANNE'S LACE) -- II 70, 204, 278, IV 179, V 304, 382, VI 408, VIII 389, 411

Carrot (Wild) = Daucus carota (WILD CARROT, QUEEN ANNE'S LACE) -- IX 139, XI 129

Carum = Carum carvi (CARAWAY) -- VIII 362

Carum carvi (CARAWAY) -- see Caraway

Carya spp. (HICKORY) -- see Hickory, Walnut

Carya amara = Carya cordiformis (BITTERNUT HICKORY)72 -- IV 361

Carya cordiformis (BITTERNUT HICKORY) -- see Bitternut, Carya amara

Carya glabra (PIGNUT HICKORY)73 -- IX 404, X 210

Carya ovalis (SWEET PIGNUT HICKORY) -- see Bitternut, Carya glabra, Hickory (Pignut), Pignut

Carya ovata (SHAGBARK HICKORY) -- see Shagbark

Carya tomentosa (MOCKERNUT HICKORY) -- IV 361, V 481, VII 420

Cassandra = Chamaedaphne calyculata (LEATHERLEAF) -- XI 402, XII 133, 175, XIII 255, 318, 384

Cassandra calyculata = Chamaedaphne calyculata (LEATHERLEAF) -- III 414, XI 327

Cassandra (Dwarf) = Chamaedaphne calyculata (LEATHERLEAF) -- III 414, VI 299

Cassia = Canella alba (WILD CINNAMON) -- II 73

Cassia = Cassia hebecarpa (WILD SENNA) -- IX 4, 5, X 421

Cassia chamaecrista = Cassia fasciculata (PARTRIDGE PEA) -- X 14, XI 120

Cassia fasciculata (PARTRIDGE PEA) -- see Cassia chamaecrista

Cassia hebecarpa (WILD SENNA) -- see Cassia, Cassia marilandica

Cassia marilandica = Cassia hebecarpa (WILD SENNA) -- VIII 461

Cassiope hypnoides (MOSS PLANT) -- XI 21, 24, 60

Castanea dentata (AMERICAN CHESTNUT) -- see Castanea vesca, Chestnut

Castanea sativa (SPANISH CHESTNUT) -- see Castanea vesca, Chestnut (Spanish)

Castanea vesca = Castanea dentata (AMERICAN CHESTNUT) -- IV 195

Castanea vesca = Castanea sativa (SPANISH CHESTNUT) -- IX 415

Castilleja = Castilleja coccinea (PAINTED CUP) -- VI 323, VII 368

Castilleja coccinea (PAINTED CUP) -- V 127

Castilleja septentrionalis (PALE PAINTED CUP) -- XI 24, 30, 60

Cat-briar = Smilax spp. (GREENBRIER)74 -- V 493, VII 315, IX 135, 185, 321, 339, XII 198, 199, 252

Catch-fly = Silene caroliniana (WILD PINK) -- IV 69

Catch-fly (Common Garden) = Silene armeria (SWEET-WILLIAM CATCHFLY) -- II 278

Catch-fly (Sleepy) = Silene antirrhina (SLEEPY CATCHFLY) -- IV 98, V 220

Catch-fly (Snapdragon) = Silene antirrhina (SLEEPY CATCHFLY) -- IV 98, V 213, 325

Cat-mint = Nepeta cataria (CATNIP) -- IV 163

Catnip = Nepeta cataria (CATNIP) -- II 216, III 466, IV 32, V 308, 355, 450, VI 188, 211, 248, 378, VII 53, 293, VIII 60, 241, 293, 441, IX 114, 167, 198, XI 303, XII 340, 341, XIII 350

Cat-o'-nine-tails = Typha latifolia (COMMON CAT-TAIL) -- II 13, 335

Cat-tail = Typha latifolia (COMMON CAT-TAIL) -- III 76, 226, IV 306, VII 435, VIII 80, X 6, 163, XII 380, XIV 184

Cat-tail (Common) = Typha latifolia (COMMON CAT-TAIL) -- XII 273

Ceanothus americanus (NEW JERSEY TEA) -- II 282, IV 178

Cedar = 75 -- IV 296

Cedar = Thuja occidentalis (ARBOR VITAE) -- V 429, 430, 431

Cedar = Chamaecyparis thyoides (ATLANTIC WHITE CEDAR) -- V 502, VI 217, XIV 257

Cedar = Juniperus virginiana (EASTERN RED CEDAR) -- I 449, II 266, 354, III 93, 94, 177, IV 355, V 173, 530, VII 457, VIII 166, IX 385, X 245, 246, XI 266, XII 402, XIII 247, XIV 186, 187, 207

CEDAR (GROUND) = Lycopodium tristachyum

Cedar (Low) = Juniperus communis (GROUND JUNIPER) -- VI 10

Cedar (of Lebanon) = Cedrus libani (CEDAR OF LEBANON) -- II 200

Cedar (Red) = Juniperus virginiana (EASTERN RED CEDAR) -- II 200, 353, IV 69, V 160, 186, VI 210, 219, 221, 230, 278, 280, 293, 297, 301, VII 332, VIII 166, IX 139, 368, 489, 501, X 106, XII 133, 385, XIII 311, 335, XIV 134

Cedar (White) = Chamaecyparis thyoides (ATLANTIC WHITE CEDAR) -- i 458, II 200, V 160, 221, 502, VI 217, (221), 230, 277, (280), 293, 301, VII 330, 332, VIII 300, 311, 317, IX 344, 420, XI 258, XIV 134

Celandine = Chelidonium majus (CELANDINE) -- II 216, IV 70, 257, V 161, VI 188, 211, 278, VII 241, 267, 269, 273, VIII 235, X 421, XIII 290

Celandine (Common) = Chelidonium majus (CELANDINE) -- II 121

Celastrus = Celastrus scandens (CLIMBING BITTERSWEET) -- X 281

Celastrus scandens (CLIMBING BITTERSWEET) -- IX 410

Celtis = Celtis occidentalis (COMMON HACKBERRY) -- IV 33, V 160, 171, 259, 419, 450, VI 264, 279, 300, VII 381, VIII 401, 423, XI 242, XII 382, XIII 291, XIV 100

Celtis crassifolia = Celtis occidentalis (COMMON HACKBERRY) -- X 9

Celtis occidentalis (COMMON HACKBERRY) -- V 170, IX 383

Centaurea = Centaurea spp. (KNAPWEED)76 -- VI 401, 407, VIII 401, 446, IX 57, XI 102

Centaurea nigra (BLACK KNAPWEED) -- V 314

Centaurella = Bartonia virginica (YELLOW BARTONIA) -- IV 292, V 348

Cephalanthus occidentalis (BUTTONBUSH) -- IV 228

Cerastium = Cerastium spp. (CHICKWEED) -- V 136, 151, VIII 351

Cerastium = Cerastium nutans (NODDING CHICKWEED) -- VIII 352, 360, 366

Cerastium = Cerastium vulgatum (COMMON MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED) -- IV 80, 287, 381, 392, 415, V 367, VIII 324, XIII 159

Cerastium arvense (FIELD CHICKWEED) -- VIII 382, XII 164

Cerastium (Common) = Cerastium vulgatum (COMMON MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED) -- VIII 367

Cerastium nutans (NODDING CHICKWEED) -- VIII 360, 366

Cerastium (Star-flowered) = Cerastium vulgatum (COMMON MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED) -- IV 159

Cerastium viscosum77 = Cerastium vulgatum (COMMON MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED) -- IV 302, 413, V 136, VI 248, VIII 352

Cerastium vulgatum (COMMON MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED) -- see Cerastium, Cerastium (Common), Cerastium (Star-flowered), Cerastium viscosum

Cerasus = Prunus spp. (CHERRY) -- VII 356

Cerasus = Prunus pensylvanica (PIN CHERRY) -- II 375

Cerasus obovata = Prunus virginiana (CHOKE-CHERRY) -- IV 130

Cerasus pennsylvanica = Prunus pensylvanica (PIN CHERRY) -- IV 50, 130, V 136

Cerasus pumila = Prunus susquehanae (SAND CHERRY) -- II 12, IV 90, 239, V 119, VII 382, VIII 337, X 439

Cerasus serotina = Prunus serotina (BLACK CHERRY) -- IV 130

Cerasus virginiana = Prunus virginiana (CHOKE-CHERRY) -- IV 48, 130, 236, 291, V 333, 345

Ceratophyllum = Ceratophyllum demersum (COMMON HORNWORT) /Ceratophyllum echinatum (PRICKLY-FRUITED HORNWORT)78 -- VIII 416, 431, 434

Ceratophyllum demersum (COMMON HORNWORT) -- see Ceratophyllum, Ceratophyllum echinatum

Ceratophyllum echinatum (PRICKLY-FRUITED HORNWORT)78 -- VI 448

Cereus (Night-flowering) = Selenicereus spp. (NIGHT-FLOWERING CEREUS, MOON CACTUS) -- VIII 378

Cetraria = a lichen

Chamaecyparis thyoides (ATLANTIC WHITE CEDAR) -- see Alder (White), Cedar, Cedar (White)

Chamaedaphne calyculata (LEATHERLEAF) -- see Andromeda, Andromeda calyculata, Andromeda (Dwarf), Andromeda (Low), Andromeda (Small), Andromeda (Small-flowered), Andromeda (Water), Cassandra, Cassandra calyculata, Cassandra (Dwarf)

Checkerberry = Mitchella repens (PARTRIDGEBERRY) -- III 89

Checkerberry = Gaultheria procumbens (CHECKERBERRY, WINTERGREEN) -- II 104, 220, 224, 425, 427, III 121, 198, 225, IV 232, 304, V 173, 315, 423, 455, 521, VI 10, 12, 149, 301, VII 17, 238, VIII 60, 337, 412, IX 9, 107, 114, 315, 374, 435, 452, X 30, 281, 301, 306, 358, 462, 464, XI 327, 332, 337, XII 334, 381, 383, XIII 158, 336, XIV 26, 261, 263

Cheeses = Malva neglecta (COMMON MALLOW, CHEESES) -- XII 341, 342

Chelidonium = Chelidonium majus (CELANDINE) -- VIII 351

Chelidonium majus (CELANDINE) -- see Celandine, Celandine (Common), Chelidonium

Chelone = Chelone glabra (TURTLEHEAD) -- VI 416, VIII 464, IX 5, 35, XIII 51

Chelone glabra (TURTLEHEAD) -- II 423, IV 271, 295, V 372, 388, XI 141, XIV 18, 26

Chenopodium = Chenopodium spp. (GOOSEFOOT) -- II 354, IV 250, 468, , VI 487, X 240, XI 180, XII 305, 306

Chenopodium album18 = Chenopodium spp. (GOOSEFOOT) -- IV 228, V 315, 410, VI 387, VIII 404, X 108, XI 227

Chenopodium botrys (JERUSALEM OAK) -- V 398, IX 77, XII 340

Chenopodium hybridum (MAPLE-LEAVED GOOSEFOOT) = IV 248, V 324, VI 415, IX 3

Chenopodium maritimum = Suaeda maritima (LOW SEA BLITE) /Suaeda linearis (TALL SEA BLITE)2 -- XII 374

Cheronaea = 20 -- II 502

Cherry = Prunus spp. (CHERRY) -- i 443, II 281, 345, 360, 364, III 412, IV 21, 26, 50, 65, 66, 95, 126, 330, 347, V 116, 119, 123, 378, VI 234, 235, 248, 250, 282, 298, 330, 378, 383, VII 335, 357, 358, 368, 372, 398, VIII 333, 362, 432, 446, IX 31, 361, 446, X 57, 81, 404, 420, XI 130, 187, 240, 243, 261, XII 133, 288, 310, XIII 64, 283, 311, XIV 70, 71, 105, 121, 331

Cherry (Bird's) = Prunus spp. (CHERRY) -- XIV 70

Cherry (Black) = Prunus serotina (BLACK CHERRY) -- III 43, V 126, 160, 201, 204, 450, VI 231, 232, 234, 259, 298, 304, 312, 374, 429, 453, 489, VII 333, 357, VIII 166, 365, 366, 370, 465, IX 30, X 182, 422, XI 212, XII 309, 322, XIII 272, XIV 123, 192

Cherry (Black Eagle) = Prunus avium var. juliana (SWEET CHERRY) -- II 364

Cherry (Choke-) = Prunus virginiana (CHOKE CHERRY)79 -- II 126, IV 42, 61, 130, 236, 309, V 126, 160, 170, 179, 333, 345, 387, VI 232, 239, 279, 290, 298, 312, 327, 333, 403, 450, VII 339, 357, VIII 352, 446, IX 17, 135, X 450, XI 240, XIII 158, XIV 53

Cherry (Common Rum) = Prunus serotina (BLACK CHERRY) -- XII 199

Cherry (Dwarf) = Prunus susquehanae (SAND CHERRY) -- V (126), 160, VI 235, 298

Cherry (Dwarf Choke-) = Prunus pensylvanica (PIN CHERRY) -- IV 48, 130, 248

Cherry (English) = Prunus avium (SWEET CHERRY) /Prunus cerasus (SOUR CHERRY)80 -- VII 67, XI 262, 301, 309, XIV 71

Cherry (Northern Red) = Prunus pensylvanica (PIN CHERRY)81 -- IV 100

Cherry (Northern Wild Red) = Prunus pensylvanica (PIN CHERRY) - X 411, XI 15

Cherry (Red) = Prunus pensylvanica (PIN CHERRY) -- II 375, V 448, VI 269, VII 356, X 411, 452, 463, 464, XI 30, 47, 59, 60, 61, XIII 289, 296, XIV 25, 28, 32, 53, 134, 333

Cherry (Rum) = Prunus serotina (BLACK CHERRY) -- IV 248, 295, 297, V 345, 349

Cherry (Sand) = Prunus depressa (SAND CHERRY) -- IX 499

Cherry (Sand) = Prunus susquehanae (SAND CHERRY) -- I 435, II 12, IV 68, 268, V 179, 353, VI 235, 263, 298, 317, 323, 374, VII 356, VIII 431, IX 377, XII 189, 257, 410, XIV 53

Cherry (Wild) = Prunus spp. (CHERRY)82 -- II 201, IV 26, 75, 115, VI 310, VII 49, 331, 455, 512, XI 301, 347, XII 290, 309, XIII 113, XIV 128, 263

Cherry (Wild Black) = Prunus serotina (BLACK CHERRY) -- V 138, VI 450, XII 309, XIV 332 ,

Cherry (Wild Red) = Prunus pensylvanica (PIN CHERRY) -- IV 21, 130, 224, V (119), (126), 136, 160, VI 221, 232, 235, 259, 282, 298, 388, VII 323, 330, 357, VIII 336, XII 410

Cherry (Wild Rum) = Prunus serotina (BLACK CHERRY) -- XIV 173

Chestnut = Castanea dentata (AMERICAN CHESTNUT) -- i 190, I 425, II 85, 108, 142, 197, III 56, 63, 91, 92, 93, 349, IV 42, 217, 239, 379, 382, 386, 388, 391, 397, 400, 427, 432, 434, 462, 466, 475, 476, V 9, 30, 160, 243, 310, 441, 449, 450, VI 20, 256, 300, 306, 393, 441, 490, VII 46, 48, 49, 64, 65, 172, 369, 486, 497, 498, 514, VIII 271, 316, 409, 466, 467, IX 114, 119, 140, 147, 310, 447, X 29, 41, 69, 80, 84, 102, 119, 120, 122, 124, 125, 167, 173, 179, 250, 417, 441, XI 8, 53, 67, 152, 181, 222, 238, 248, 251, 257, 323, XII 150, 203, 216, 291, 369, 378, 379, XIII 51, 400, 406, XIV 84, 105, 112, 113, 121, 125, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 148, 154, 158, 164, 165, 177, 178, 185, 188, 190, 191, 201, 215, 225, 227, 240, 244, 245, 246, 248, 263, 271

Chestnut (Spanish) = Castanea sativa (SPANISH CHESTNUT) -- II 363, IX 415

Chickweed = Stellaria media (COMMON CHICKWEED) -- II 451, III 201, 360, 419, 469, IV 68, 83, V 36, 367, VI 217, IX 115, 406, X 367, XII 132, 340, XIII 159, 180, 200

Chickweed (Early) = Stellaria media (COMMON CHICKWEED) -- IV 80

Chickweed (Forked) = Paronychia canadensis (FORKED CHICKWEED) -- V 312, 350

CHICORY = Cichorium intybus

Chimaphila = Chimaphila umbellata (PIPSISSEWA)83 -- IV 410, IX 483, XI 100

Chimaphila maculata (STRIPED WINTERGREEN) -- VI 125, VIII 425, IX 107, 138, X 24, XI 327

Chimaphila umbellata (PIPSISSEWA)84 -- IV 176, VI 12, 124, 346, VIII 404, 425, IX 472, XI 327, XII 454

China-berry Tree = Melia azedarach (CHINA-TREE) -- XIV 202

Chinquapin = Quercus prinoides (DWARF CHINQUAPIN OAK) -- VI 278, 287, 327, 331, 483, VII 18, 55, 56, 114, 378, XI 195, 238, 279, 394, XII 410, XIV 264

Chiogenes = Gaultheria hispidula (CREEPING SNOWBERRY) -- X 464, XI 36, 60, XIV 28

Chiogenes hispidula = Gaultheria hispidula (CREEPING SNOWBERRY) -- IV 302, 303, X 463, XI 43

Choke-berry = Pyrus melanocarpa (BLACK CHOKEBERRY)/Pyrus floribunda (PURPLE CHOKEBERRY)85 -- II 60, 424, III 430, IV 281, 282, 347, V 341, 356, 368, 419, VI 283, 472, VIII 432, IX 31, X 183, 196, 266, 282, 445, XI 10, 97, XII 290, 322, XIV 62, 262

Chokeberry (Black) = Pyrus melanocarpa (BLACK CHOKEBERRY) -- II (216), V 329, 342, 419, VI (308), 405, VII (378), IX 31, (308), X 26, XIV 18, 25, 28, 31, 32, 44

Chokeberry (Black-fruited) = Pyrus melanocarpa (BLACK CHOKEBERRY) -- VII (392)

Chokeberry (Red) = Pyrus floribunda (PURPLE CHOKEBERRY) -- II 216, IV 296, VI 308, 462, VII 378, IX 51, 380, X 30, XI 139, XII 310, 381

Chokeberry (Red-fruited) = Pyrus floribunda (PURPLE CHOKEBERRY) -- VII 392

Choke-berry (Scarlet) = Pyrus floribunda (PURPLE CHOKEBERRY) -- VII 511

CHOKE-CHERRY = Prunus virginiana

CHRISTMAS FERN = Polystichum acrostichoides

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (OXEYE DAISY) -- see Whiteweed

Chrysopsis falcata (SICKLE-LEAVED GOLDEN-ASTER) -- V 421

Chrysosplenium = Chrysosplenium americanum (GOLDEN SAXIFRAGE) -- V 10, 107, VI 191, 211, IX 302, X 32, XII 6, 12, 132

Chrysosplenium americanum (GOLDEN SAXIFRAGE) -- IV 11, 49

Cicely (Hairy Sweet) = Osmorhiza claytoni (SWEET CICELY) -- XI 6

Cichorium = Cichorium intybus (CHICORY) -- VI 378

Cichorium intybus (CHICORY) -- II 294, IV 225

Cicuta = Cicuta spp. (WATER-HEMLOCK) -- III 76, VIII 443

Cicuta americana = Cicuta maculata (WATER-HEMLOCK, SPOTTED COWBANE) -- II 311

Cicuta bulbifera (BULB-BEARING WATER-HEMLOCK) -- IV 295, V 338, 346, VI 414

Cicuta bulbosa = Cicuta bulbifera (BULB-BEARING WATER-HEMLOCK) -- VIII 432

Cicuta maculata (WATER-HEMLOCK, SPOTTED COWBANE) -- II 227, 412, IV 187, 357, V 346, VI 377, X 18, XI 133, XII 364

Cinna arundinacea (STOUT WOOD REED-GRASS) -- XI 142, XIV 5, 27

Cinnamon = Cinnamomum zeylanicum (CINNAMON) -- II 73

Cinnamon Fern = Osmunda cinnamomea (CINNAMON FERN) -- VI 231, 324, 406, 420, 445, 477, 479, VII 17, IX 395, X (48), 58, 104, 238, 417, 447, XI 118, 155, 189, (197), 200, 212, XII 201, 344, 346, 353, 363, 366, XIII 104, (292), (307), (331), 342

Cinquefoil = Potentilla spp. (CINQUEFOIL) -- III 45, 88, 98, 462, IV 11, 42, 61, 75, 90, 108, V 154, 184, 229, 352, VI 248, VII 280, 425, VIII 60, 249, 309, IX 362, X 57, 415, XII 132, 133, XIII 284, XIV 122

Cinquefoil (Common) = Potentilla simplex (COMMON CINQUEFOIL) -- II 270, X 189

Cinquefoil (Crowded) = Potentilla arguta (TALL CINQUEFOIL) -- V 263

Cinquefoil (Early) = Potentilla canadensis (DWARF CINQUEFOIL) -- IV 71, V 163, VI 232, 296, XIII 364, XIV 143

Cinquefoil (Hoary) = Potentilla argentea (SILVERY CINQUEFOIL) -- II 270, III 60

Cinquefoil (Marsh) = Potentilla palustris (MARSH CINQUEFOIL) -- IV 169, 171

Cinquefoil (Norway) = Potentilla norvegica (NORWAY CINQUEFOIL) -- II 396, 430, 431, III 45, 65, IV 356, V 245

Cinquefoil (Running) = Potentilla canadensis (DWARF CINQUEFOIL) -- II 270, III 66

Cinquefoil (Silvery) = Potentilla argentea (SILVERY CINQUEFOIL) -- IV 80, 382, 393, V 157, 407, 432, 439, 481, IX 18, XIII 364

Cinquefoil (White) = Potentilla spp. (CINQUEFOIL)86 -- V 352

Circaea = Circaea quadrisulcata (LARGE ENCHANTER'S NIGHTSHADE)/Circaea alpina (DWARF ENCHANTER'S NIGHTSHADE)87 -- VIII 382, 406, IX 66

Circaea alpina (DWARF ENCHANTER'S NIGHTSHADE)87 -- IV 196, 219, V 315, VIII 403, 406, 466

Circaea (Large) = Circaea quadrisulcata (LARGE ENCHANTER'S NIGHTSHADE) -- VI 397, VIII (466)

Circaea lutetiana = Circaea quadrisulcata (LARGE ENCHANTER'S NIGHTSHADE) -- IV 219, VI 397

Circaea quadrisulcata (LARGE ENCHANTER'S NIGHTSHADE) -- see Circaea, Circaea (Large), Circaea lutetiana

Circaea (Small) = Circaea alpina (DWARF ENCHANTER'S NIGHTSHADE)87 -- V (311), VI 384, VIII 466

Cirsium spp. (THISTLE) -- see Thistle

Cirsium arvense (CANADA THISTLE) -- IV 193

Cirsium discolor (FIELD THISTLE) -- IX 64

Cirsium horridulum (YELLOW THISTLE) -- V 346, VI 367

Cirsium lanceolatum = Cirsium vulgare (BULL THISTLE) -- IV 247, VIII 443, IX 64

Cirsium muticum (SWAMP THISTLE) -- IV 355, V 406, VII 37, IX 495, XII 315

Cirsium pumilum (PASTURE THISTLE) -- IV 248, VII 433, XII 305

Cirsium vulgare (BULL THISTLE) -- see Cirsium lanceolatum, Thistle (Lanceolate), Thistle (Spear), Thistle (Spear-leaved)

Cistus = Helianthemum canadense (ROCK-ROSE)/Helianthemum bicknellii (HOARY FROSTWEED)2 -- II 233, IV 80, 88, 90, 110, 204, 257, 428, V 200, 342, 393, 483, 484, 519, VI 301, 325, 333, VII 410, VIII 376, XI 312, XII 335, 392

Citharexylum melanocardium = Petitia domingensis (FIDDLEWOOD)88 -- III 221

Cladium = Cladium mariscoides (TWIG-RUSH) -- XII 216, XIII 39, 40

Cladium mariscoides (TWIG-RUSH) -- XI 139

Cladonia = a lichen

CLEARWEED = Pilea pumila

Cleavers (Common) = Galium aparine (CLEAVERS) -- V 192

Cleavers (Pointed) = Galium asprellum (ROUGH BEDSTRAW) -- II 424, IV 210

Cleavers (Three-flowered) = Galium triflorum (SWEET-SCENTED BEDSTRAW) -- II 432

Clematis = Clematis virginiana (VIRGIN'S-BOWER) -- II 411, 446, IV 279, 300, V 316, 319, 395, VI 266, 298, 410, VII 43, IX 494, XI 10, XIV 92

Clematis virginiana (VIRGIN'S-BOWER) -- II 401, IV 276

Clethra = Clethra alnifolia (SWEET PEPPERBUSH) -- II 227, 278, 382, 407, 415, III 64, IV 304, V 160, 343, 449, VI 218, 268, 300, 413, 429, 439, 456, VII 95, 378, VIII 448, IX 9, X 96, XI 208, XII 325, XIII 361, XIV 53

Clethra (Alder-leaved) = Clethra alnifolia (SWEET PEPPERBUSH) -- II 60

Clethra alnifolia (SWEET PEPPERBUSH) -- II 60, IV 268

Climbing Fern = Lygodium palmatum (CLIMBING FERN) -- III 130, VI 261, 366, 438, 446, VII 10, VIII 431, XII 174, 363

Clinopodium vulgare = Satureja vulgaris (BASIL) -- IX 71, 80

Clintonia = Clintonia borealis (CLINTONIA) -- V 222, 329, 419, VI 316, VII 413, VIII 359, X 148, 464, 480, XI 23, 60, 61

Clintonia borealis (CLINTONIA) -- IV 95, V 218, IX 491, X 462, XI 36, XIV 26, 28, 32

Clivers (Pointed) = Galium asprellum (ROUGH BEDSTRAW) -- II 424

CLOTBUR (BEACH) = Xanthium echinatum

Clover = Trifolium spp. (CLOVER) -- II 226, 264, 272, 320, III 447, IV 45, 94, 115, 118, 176, 189, 297, 393, 437, 477, V 56, 229, 255, 310, VI 211, 343, 396, VII 105, 429, VIII 249, 305, X 237, XIII 164, 350, 358, 399, 403, XIV 158

Clover (Common White) = Trifolium repens (WHITE CLOVER) -- VIII 311

Clover (Fragrant) = Melilotus alba (WHITE SWEET CLOVER) -- IV 210

Clover (Pussy-head) = Trifolium arvense (RABBIT'S-FOOT CLOVER) -- XIV 63

Clover (Rabbit's) = Trifolium arvense (RABBIT'S-FOOT CLOVER) -- X 80, XII 303, XIII 358

Clover (Rabbit's-foot) = Trifolium arvense (RABBIT'S-FOOT CLOVER) -- IV 165, XI 89

Clover (Red) = Trifolium pratense (RED CLOVER) -- II 269, 272, 286, IV 88, 257, 378, 406, V 170, 447, 477, 488, VI 308, VII 404, VIII 9, 411, IX 114, X 11, XIII 324

Clover (White) = Trifolium repens (WHITE CLOVER) -- II 271, 286, IV 81, 257, V 185, 235, 277, (447), VI 310, VII 404, VIII 357, XIII 333, 414

Clover (Yellow) = Trifolium agrarium (HOP CLOVER) -- IV 70, 257, V 194, VI 288, VII 407, VIII 359

Clover (Yellow Hop) = Trifolium agrarium (HOP CLOVER) -- XIII 428

Club-moss = Lycopodium spp. (CLUB-MOSS) -- VI 12, XIV 123

Club-moss (Flat) = Lycopodium complanatum (RUNNING PINE)/Lycopodium tristachyum (GROUND CEDAR)2 -- VI 12

Club-moss (Shining) = Lycopodium lucidulum (SHINING CLUB-MOSS) -- V 416

Club-rush = Scirpus spp. (BULRUSH) -- IV 386

Cnicus pumilus = Cirsium pumilum (PASTURE THISTLE) -- II 389, IV 248

Cockles = 89 -- i 253, I 200, 417

Cockle-bur (Sea) = Xanthium echinatum (BEACH CLOTBUR) -- VII 434

Cohush = Actaea pachypoda (WHITE BANEBERRY, DOLL'S EYES) -- II 434

Cohush (Red) = Actaea rubra (RED BANEBERRY) -- IX 461, X 12

Cohush (White) = Actaea pachypoda (WHITE BANEBERRY, DOLL'S EYES) -- IV 76

COLICROOT = Aletris farinosa

Collinsonia = Collinsonia canadensis (HORSE BALM) -- V 355, 368, X 9, 19

Collinsonia canadensis (HORSE BALM) -- II 434, IV 295

Coltsfoot = Tussilago farfara (COLTSFOOT) -- IX 69

Columbine = Aquilegia canadensis (WILD COLUMBINE) -- i 212, II 104, III 298, 391, 424, 473, 476, IV 27, 57, 108, 163, 235, 257, V 24, 118, 127, 154, 206, 228, 362, VI 189, 205, 211, 216, 232, 248, 347, 386, VII 293, 342, 374, VIII 60, 241, 293, IX 388, X 358, 377, XII 132, XIII 256, 261

Columbine (Garden) = Aquilegia vulgaris (GARDEN COLUMBINE) -- X 494

Columbine (Yellow) = Aquilegia canadensis forma flaviflora (WILD COLUMBINE) -- VIII 341

Comandra = Comandra umbellata (BASTARD TOADFLAX) -- VI 289, X 440, XIII 313

Comandra umbellata (BASTARD TOADFLAX) -- VIII 359, XI 8

Comara palustris = Potentilla palustris (MARSH CINQUEFOIL) -- IX 469, XII 209

Comarum palustre = Potentilla palustris (MARSH CINQUEFOIL) -- IV 169, V 260, VI 345

Comfrey (Common) = Symphytum officinale (COMMON COMFREY) -- IV 302

COMFREY (WILD) = Cynoglossum virginianum

Compositae (COMPOSITE FAMILY) -- V 159

Comptonia = Comptonia peregrina (SWEET-FERN) -- V 116, IX 107, X 395, XIII 260

Comptonia peregrina (SWEET-FERN) -- see Comptonia, Sweet-fern

Cone-flower = Rudbeckia serotina (BLACK-EYED SUSAN) -- VI 383, XIII 69

Cone-flower (Tall) = Rudbeckia laciniata (TALL CONEFLOWER) -- IV 302

Coniferae = Pinaceae (PINE FAMILY) -- XI 327

Convallaria (leaf) = 90 -- IV 95

Convallaria46 = Streptopus spp. (TWISTED STALK) -- IV 303

Convallaria = Maianthemum canadense (CANADA MAYFLOWER) -- IV 307, VI 421, 430

Convallaria bifolia = Maianthemum canadense (CANADA MAYFLOWER) -- II 266, IV 27, 73

Convallaria (Compound-racemed) = Smilacina racemosa (FALSE SOLOMON'S SEAL) -- IV 96

Convallaria (Large)46 = Streptopus spp. (TWISTED STALK) -- IV 310

Convallaria majalis (LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY) -- see Lily-of-the-valley

Convallaria multiflora = Polygonatum pubescens (HAIRY SOLOMON'S SEAL) -- II 440

Convallaria (Two-leaved) = Maianthemum canadense (CANADA MAYFLOWER) -- V 330, IX 51

Convolvulus arvensis (FIELD BINDWEED) -- II 366

Convolvulus sepium (HEDGE BINDWEED) -- II 274, IV 142

Convolvulus spithamaeus (UPRIGHT BINDWEED) -- see Calystegia spithamaea

Conyza = Seriocarpus asteroides (TOOTHED WHITE-TOPPED ASTER)

Coptis groenlandica (GOLDTHREAD) -- see Goldthread

Corallorhiza = Corallorhiza maculata (LARGE CORALROOT) -- IV 328, 334, VI 415

Corallorhiza maculata (LARGE CORALROOT) -- see Corallorhiza, Corallorhiza multiflora, Corallorhiza odontorhiza, Coralroot

Corallorhiza multiflora = Corallorhiza maculata (LARGE CORALROOT) -- IV 305, 334, V 343, X 8, 12, 18, 38

Corallorhiza odontorhiza (LATE CORALROOT)91 -- IV 296, 305, VIII 118

Coralroot = Corallorhiza maculata (LARGE CORALROOT) -- IV 296, 305, V 343

Corema = Corema conradii (BROOM CROWBERRY) -- XI 18

Corema conradii (BROOM CROWBERRY) -- IV 69, VII 435, IX 332

Coreopsis = Coreopsis rosea (ROSE COREOPSIS) -- V 384, VI 423, VII 41

Coreopsis rosea (ROSE COREOPSIS) -- V 383, X 9

Coreopsis (Rose-flowered) = Coreopsis rosea (ROSE COREOPSIS) -- V 384

Corn (Indian) = Zea mays (MAIZE, CORN) -- VI 303

Corn-cockle = Agrostemma githago (CORN COCKLE) -- VII 443, VIII 386

Cornel = Cornus spp. (DOGWOOD) -- I 435, II 60, 206, 494, III 371, 424, 448, IV 96, 97, 150, 154, 169, 173, 258, 307, 316, V 4, 76, 126, 152, 160, 288, 417, 419, VI 91, 252, 253, 256, 257, 264, 282, VII 235, IX 409, X 25, 442, 443, XI 71, 98, XII 291, 316, 355, XIII 158

Cornel (Alternate) = Cornus alternifolia (ALTERNATE-LEAVED DOGWOOD) -- V 323, 482, VI (256), 319, IX 71, X 37, XII 322, 380, 402

Cornel (Alternate-leaved) = Cornus alternifolia (ALTERNATE-LEAVED DOGWOOD) -- IV 154, 271, 285, (316), 323

Cornel (Dwarf) = Cornus canadensis (BUNCHBERRY) -- IV 73, 81, VI (282), X 26, XI 337

Cornel (Large) = Cornus canadensis (BUNCHBERRY) -- V 102

Cornel (Panicled) = Cornus racemosa (GRAY DOGWOOD, PANICLED DOGWOOD) -- II 274, IV (60), 117, 130, (169), V 275, 288, (419), VI (256), 299, 346, 358, 453, VII 56, 58, IX 60, XI 347, XII 322, XIII 338

Cornel (Red-osier) = Cornus stolonifera (RED-OSIER DOGWOOD) -- II 494, IV 311, (316), (323)

Cornel (Red-stemmed) = Cornus stolonifera (RED-OSIER DOGWOOD) -- II 69, IV 261, V 127

Cornel (River) = Cornus stolonifera (RED-OSIER DOGWOOD) -- IV 323

Cornel (Round-leaved) = Cornus rugosa (ROUND-LEAVED DOGWOOD) -- IV 88, 130, 285, (316), V 243, (256), VI 264, (282), 299, 343, VII 369, XI 291

Cornel (Silky) = Cornus amomum (SILKY DOGWOOD)92 -- II 494, IV (311), 318, (323), VI 299, VIII 13, XI 259, 332, XII 316

Cornel (Small) = Cornus canadensis (BUNCHBERRY) -- IV 340, XI 205

Cornel (White) = Cornus stolonifera (RED OSIER DOGWOOD)93 -- IV 117

Cornel (White-berried) = Cornus stolonifera (RED-OSIER DOGWOOD)94 -- IV (60)

Corn-spurry = Spergula arvensis (CORN SPURREY) -- III 58, IV 237, 385

Cornus spp. (DOGWOOD) -- see Cornel, Osier

Cornus alba = Cornus stolonifera (RED-OSIER DOGWOOD)94 -- II 60, XII 291

Cornus alternifolia (ALTERNATE-LEAVED DOGWOOD) -- IV 97, V 219, VI 264, 299, VII 368, VIII 373, XII 199

Cornus amomum (SILKY DOGWOOD) -- see Cornel (Silky), Cornus sericea

Cornus canadensis (BUNCHBERRY) -- V 102, 172, VI 284, VII 399, X 447, 462, 464, XI 16, 36, 60, 322

Cornus circinata = Cornus rugosa (ROUND-LEAVED DOGWOOD) -- IV 97, 353, VIII 466, X 24

Cornus florida (FLOWERING DOGWOOD) -- III 411, V 163, 172, 192, VI 256, 264, 282, 286, 301, 489, VII 387, VIII 352, IX 137, 139, 371, X 422, 442, 448, 450, 480, 481, XI 206, 288, 291, 322, XIII 158

Cornus obliqua -- see Cornus amomum92

Cornus paniculata = Cornus racemosa (GRAY DOGWOOD, PANICLED DOGWOOD) -- II 60, IV 97, V 387, VII 368, XII 315, 319

Cornus racemosa (GRAY DOGWOOD, PANICLED DOGWOOD) -- see Cornel (Panicled), Cornus alba, Cornus paniculata

Cornus rugosa (ROUND-LEAVED DOGWOOD) -- see Cornel (Round-leaved), Cornus circinata

Cornus sanguinea (RED DOGWOOD) -- IX 415

Cornus sericea = Cornus amomum (SILKY DOGWOOD)92 -- II 494, IV 97, 353, 354, V 288, 298, VI 252, 255, (256), 377, VII 387, 421, VIII 430, IX 33, 48, 60, 66, 85, 415, X 60, 236, 338, XI 78, 202, 206, 217, 250, 288, 297, 301, 309, 322, XII 315, 316, 381

Cornus stolonifera (RED-OSIER DOGWOOD) -- II 494, IV 97, 173, 353, 354, V 298, IX 66, 79

Corydalis = Corydalis sempervirens (PALE CORYDALIS) -- II 217, IX 88, 99, 111, 476, X 448, XII 189

Corydalis glauca = Corydalis sempervirens (PALE CORYDALIS) -- II 430, V 225, IX 76, 87, 355

Corydalis sempervirens (PALE CORYDALIS) -- see Corydalis, Corydalis glauca

Corydalis (Squirrel-corn) = Dicentra canadensis (SQUIRREL CORN) -- XI 173

Corylus = Corylus spp. (HAZELNUT)95 -- III 475

Corylus americana (AMERICAN HAZELNUT) -- see Corylus, Hazel (Common), Hazelnut (Shaggy)

Corylus cornuta (BEAKED HAZELNUT) -- see Corylus rostrata, Hazel (Beaked), Hazelnut (Beaked)

Corylus rostrata = Corylus cornuta (BEAKED HAZELNUT) III 475, IV 208, VIII 413

Cotton-grass = Eriophorum spp. (COTTON-GRASS) -- II 278, IV 81, 143, 231, 257, V 197, 311, 349, VI 317, VII 405, VIII 362, 423, X 199, XIV 18, 31, 45

Cotton-grass (Early) = Eriophorum spp. (COTTON-GRASS) -- VI 391

Cotton-grass (Large) = Eriophorum spp. (COTTON-GRASS) -- IV 459

Cotton-grass (Narrow-leaved) = Eriophorum tenellum (ROUGH COTTON-GRASS) -- IV 77

Cotton-grass (Red) = Scirpus spp. (WOOL-GRASS) -- IV 386

Cotton-grass (Rusty) = Eriophorum virginicum (TAWNY COTTON-GRASS) -- VI 412, 414, 468, VIII 420, XIII 423

Cotton-grass (Virginian) = Eriophorum virginicum (TAWNY COTTON-GRASS)96 -- IV 386

Cotton-grass (White) = Eriophorum spp. (COTTON-GRASS) -- VI 405

Cotton-tree = 97 -- i 353, I 305

COTTONWOOD (EASTERN) = Populus deltoides

COWBANE (SPOTTED) = Cicuta maculata

Cowberry = Vaccinium vitis-idaea (MOUNTAIN CRANBERRY) -- II 224

Cow-herb = Saponaria vaccaria (COW-HERB) -- V 338

Cow-parsnip = Heracleum maximum (COW PARSNIP) -- XI 28

Cowslip = Caltha palustris (MARSH MARIGOLD, COWSLIP) -- II 181, 216, III 252, 362, 371, 400, 467, 468, 479, 480, IV 16, 27, 40, 48, 53, 54, V 15, 85, 98, 105, 154, 184, VI 191, 199, 211, 230, 238, 239, 242, VII 269, 272, 303, 304, 321, VIII 239, 240, 244, 248, 259, 260, 261, 280, IX 302, XII 12, 17, 48, 74, XIII 176, 232, 338, XIV 335

Cow-wheat = Melampyrum lineare (COWWHEAT) -- II 282, 375, 396, 415, IV 121, 258, 340, V 238, VI 372, VIII 380, XII 202, XIV 25, 28

Crab-apple = Pyrus spp. (CRABAPPLE) -- II 211, XIV 303

Crab Grass = Digitaria sanguinalis (HAIRY CRAB-GRASS) -- XI 145, XII 313, 314, 353

Cranberry = Vaccinium vitis-idaea (MOUNTAIN CRANBERRY) -- X 457, XIV 16

Cranberry = Vaccinium macrocarpon (LARGE CRANBERRY)/Vaccinium oxycoccus (SMALL CRANBERRY) -- i 88, 117, I 60, 128, II 13, 68, 97, 105, 108, 121, 154, 277, 396, 477, III 6, 377, 383, 397, 424, 429, 438, IV 34, 36, 200, 269, 297, 349, 477, V 39, 275, 342, 356, 403, 419, 421, 464, 479,485, 486, 508, 510, 511, 512, 514, VI 9, 174, 244, 300, 305, 350, 396, 412, 468, 469, 481, 486, VII 15, 34, 38, 72, 95, 256, 286, 358, 382, 432, 458, VIII 253, 261, 402, IX 18, 35, 37, 38, 44, 48, 55, 86, 97, 315, 501, X 130, 140, 146, 266, XI 135, 158, 183, XII 58, 195, 291, 355, 382, 383, 396, XIII 138, 163, 179, 226, 228, XIV 54, 149

Cranberry (Common) = Vaccinium macrocarpon (LARGE CRANBERRY) -- VI (468), VIII 402, IX 38, (39), XI 327, XII 382, XIII 423, XIV 14

Cranberry (European) = Vaccinium oxycoccus (SMALL CRANBERRY) -- IX 35, 465, XI 327, XIII 313

Cranberry (Large) = Vaccinium macrocarpon (LARGE CRANBERRY) -- IX 39

Cranberry (Mountain) = Vaccinium vitis-idaea (MOUNTAIN CRANBERRY) -- II 54, 224, IV 347, V 179, VI 157, VIII 437, X 457, 462, 476, XI 18, 19, 343, XIV 14, 25, 28, 32

Cranberry (Small) = Vaccinium oxycoccus (SMALL CRANBERRY) -- VIII 402, IX 35, XII 317

Crane's-bill = Geranium maculatum (WILD GERANIUM) -- IV 107

Crataegus = Crataegus spp. (HAWTHORN) -- V 166, VII 403, VIII 352, 362, IX 399

Crataegus coccinea98 = Crataegus spp. (HAWTHORN) -- II 216, IV 307, V 177, 224, IX 408

Crataegus (Common)98 = Crataegus spp. (HAWTHORN) -- VIII 358

Crataegus crus-galli (COCKSPUR THORN)99 -- V 192, 200, VI 333, 449, VII 385, VIII 375, IX 90, 407, 408

Crataegus macrosperma (VARIABLE THORN) -- see Crataegus coccinea, Crataegus (Common), Thorn (Common), Thorn (Scarlet), Thorn (Scarlet-fruited)

Crataegus monogyna (SINGLESEED HAWTHORN) -- see Crataegus oxyacantha

Crataegus oxyacantha (ENGLISH HAWTHORN)100 -- VII 420, IX 414

Crataegus prunifolius (BROAD-LEAVED COCKSPUR THORN) -- IX 415

Creeper (Common) = Parthenocissus quinquefolia (VIRGINIA CREEPER)/Parthenocissus inserta (THICKET CREEPER)2 -- II 501

Cress = Arabis spp. (ROCK CRESS) -- VI 205

Cress = Barbarea vulgaris (COMMON WINTER CRESS) -- V 176, 177

Cress = Cardamine spp. (BITTER CRESS) -- III 128, 400, IV 358, 475, V 10, 13, VI 90, 211, 241, VII 256, VIII 213, 240, X 453, XII 6, 17, 126, XIII 38

Cress (American Water) = Cardamine pensylvanica (PENNSYLVANIA BITTER CRESS) -- IV 56

Cress (Amphibious) = Rorippa islandica (MARSH YELLOW CRESS) -- IV 209

Cress (Bitter) = Cardamine pensylvanica (PENNSYLVANIA BITTER CRESS) -- XII 12, XIII 260

Cress (Brook) = Rorippa islandica (MARSH YELLOW CRESS) -- VIII 421

Cress (Common) = Cardamine pensylvanica (PENNSYLVANIA BITTER CRESS) -- V 9, VII 407, XII 17, XIII 217, 298, 353

Cress (Common Brook) = Nasturtium officinale (WATER CRESS) -- XII 164

Cress (Common Winter) = Barbarea vulgaris (COMMON WINTER CRESS) -- V 159

Cress (English) = Nasturtium officinale (WATER CRESS) -- XII 223, XIII 293, XIV 220

Cress (English Brook) = Nasturtium officinale (WATER CRESS) -- XIII 165, 294

Cress (Hairy) = Rorippa islandica (MARSH YELLOW CRESS) -- VI 351

Cress (Rock) = Barbarea vulgaris (COMMON WINTER CRESS)101 -- V 177

CRESS (SPRING) = Cardamine bulbosa

CRESTED FERN = Drypoteris cristata

Critchicrotches = Acorus calamus (SWEET FLAG, CALAMUS) -- IV 74, 92, 240, V 155, VI 307, VII 387, XIII 309

Crotalaria = Crotalaria sagittalis (RATTLEBOX) -- V 340, VI 405, VIII 438, IX 99, XI 193, 194

Crotalaria sagittalis (RATTLEBOX) -- IV 348

Crowberry = Corema conradii (BROOM CROWBERRY) -- IX 450

Crowberry (Black) = Empetrum nigrum (BLACK CROWBERRY)/Empetrum atropurpureum (PURPLE CROWBERRY)2 -- IV 69

Crowberry (Broom) = Corema conradii (BROOM CROWBERRY) -- IV 69, VII 435

Crowfoot = Ranunculus spp. (CROWFOOT, BUTTERCUP) -- II 180, III 476, IV 20, 65, 460, V 107, 227, VI 157, 195, 216, 229, 238, 248, VII 105, 329, 342, VIII 241, 242, 261, 293, IX 266, X 358, 365, XII 132, 403, XIII 184, 247

Crowfoot (Bristly) = Ranunculus pensylvanicus (BRISTLY CROWFOOT) -- IX 77

Crowfoot (Bulbous) = Ranunculus bulbosus (BULBOUS BUTTERCUP) -- IV 55

Crowfoot (Early) = Ranunculus fascicularis (EARLY BUTTERCUP) -- IV 485, VII 293, IX 283, XI 334,

Crowfoot (Filiform) = Ranunculus reptans (CREEPING SPEARWORT) -- II 434

Crowfoot (Hooked) = Ranunculus recurvatus (HOOKED CROWFOOT) -- IV 73

Crowfoot (Tall) = Ranunculus acris (TALL BUTTERCUP) -- II 266, 415, IV 73, 74, 257, IX 114

Crypta (Small) = Elatine minima (SMALL WATERWORT) -- IV 320, V 314

Cryptotaenia canadensis (HONEWORT) -- XI 5

Cucubalus behen = Silene cucubalus (BLADDER CAMPION) -- II 294

Cucumber-root = Medeola virginiana (INDIAN CUCUMBER ROOT) -- II 69, 427, IV 71, 359

Cudweed = Gnaphalium uliginosum (LOW CUDWEED) -- IV 232, 278

Cudweed (Low) = Gnaphalium uliginosum (LOW CUDWEED) -- V 432

Cudweed (Purplish) = Gnaphalium purpureum (PURPLISH CUDWEED)102 -- III 473

Cupressus thyoides = Chamaecyparis thyoides (ATLANTIC WHITE CEDAR) -- II 200

Currant = Ribes spp. (CURRANT) -- II 221, IV 46, 50, 66, 347, 463, V 116, 119, 160, 350, VI 225, 249, VII 133, 330, 333, VIII 324, 416, X 476, XI 264, XII 259, 315, XIII 237, 274, 362, 387

Currant (Black) = Ribes americanum (AMERICAN BLACK CURRANT) -- VI 298, VII 328, 330, (357), 368, VIII 342, IX 368, X 431

Currant (Fetid) = Ribes glandulosum (SKUNK CURRANT) -- X 476, XI 6, 31, XIV 18, 25, 28, 32

Currant (Mississippi)103 = Ribes odoratum (BUFFALO CURRANT) -- V 106

Currant (Missouri) = Ribes odoratum (BUFFALO CURRANT) -- III 486, V 89, 119, VI 210, 211, VII 357, 378, X 396, XIII 239, 277

Currant (Red) = Ribes sativum (GARDEN RED CURRANT) -- VI 232, 298, VII (328), 357, 362

Currant (Wild Black) = Ribes americanum (AMERICAN BLACK CURRANT) -- V 127, 377

Cuscuta = Cuscuta gronovii (COMMON DODDER) -- VI 413, XII 305

Cuscuta americana = Cuscuta gronovii (COMMON DODDER) -- II 490, IV 291

Cuscuta gronovii (COMMON DODDER) -- see Cuscuta, Cuscuta americana, Dodder

Cut-grass = Leersia oryzoides (RICE CUT-GRASS)104 -- I 138, IV 151, V 363, 385, VI 481, VIII 241, 439, IX 263, X 130, XI 123, XII 292, 295, XIV 51, 55, 62

Cut-grass (Rice) = Leersia oryzoides (RICE CUT-GRASS) -- XI 141

Cymbidium = Calopogon pulchellus (GRASS PINK) -- IV 138, V 311, VI 396, IX 475, X 510

Cymbidium tuberosum = Calopogon pulchellus (GRASS PINK) -- II 278

Cynara cardunculus (CARDOON) -- II 242

Cynoglossum = Cynoglossum officinale (HOUND'S TONGUE) -- IX 4

Cynoglossum morisoni = Hackelia virginiana (VIRGINIA STICKSEED) -- V 333, VIII 448

Cynoglossum officinale (HOUND'S TONGUE) -- IV 104, IX 3

Cynoglossum virginianum (WILD COMFREY) -- see Hound's-tongue (Clasping)

Cyperaceae (SEDGE FAMILY) -- XI 156, XIII 402, XIV 27, 28

Cyperus = Cyperus spp. (UMBRELLA SEDGE) -- XI 117, 184, XII 312, XIV 8

Cyperus dentatus (BULBLET CYPERUS) -- XI 124, 138, XII 260, XIV 5

Cyperus diandrus (STRAND CYPERUS)105 -- XIII 427, XIV 5

Cyperus esculentus (YELLOW NUTGRASS) -- see Cyperus phymatodes, Hedgehog Grass

Cyperus filiculmis (SLENDER CYPERUS) -- XI 123, XII 261, XIII 387, 426

Cyperus mariscoides = Cyperus filiculmis (SLENDER CYPERUS) -- XI 123

Cyperus phymatodes = Cyperus esculentus (YELLOW NUTGRASS) -- XI 116, 117, 124

Cyperus rivularis (SHINING CYPERUS) -- see Cyperus diandrus

Cyperus strigosus (STRAW-COLORED CYPERUS) -- VI 446, XI 124, XIV 53

Cyperus (Tuberous) = Cyperus filiculmis (SLENDER CYPERUS) -- XI 123

Cypress = Euphorbia cyparissias (CYPRESS SPURGE) -- X 10

Cypripedium acaule (PINK LADY'S SLIPPER) -- see Lady's-slipper, Lady's-slipper (White)

Cypripedium calceolus (YELLOW LADY'S SLIPPER) -- see Lady's-slipper (Yellow)

Cystopteris fragilis (FRAGILE FERN) -- XII 403


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http://www.ray-a.com/ThoreauBotIdx/BI-C.htm -- Revised: June 18, 2014

Created by: Ray Angelo
rangelo@oeb.harvard.edu